Brexit spells the end of Freedom of Movement! If you are thinking of moving to Paris for work you currently have until October 2019, unless things change between now and then! This article aims to offer practical information!
The Eurostar has facilitated crossing the Channel with 11million+ passengers in 2018 and Eurotunnel transporting 2,660,414 cars in the same period. Although only a short distance away, not everything is the same! Below are a some pointers if you are considering moving to work in France.
- Salaries in France are often paid over 13 months and this will be confirmed in the convention collective (the collective bargaining agreement) that applies to your sector of activity. The idea of the 13th month was originally to pay your taxes as everyone filed tax returns. The law has changed and since January 2019 taxes are deducted at source as in the UK. When you negotiate your salary, discuss your annual salary taking into account that each month you may normally get a 13th part, not a 12th. The 13th month is “generally” paid half in June and the rest in January. The 13th month will likely disappear over time once PAYE culture is firmly entrenched.
- French salary slips are long! Since January 2017 a new law stipulates that employers can send electronic pay slips. It won’t change the length of slips, but there will be less paper!
- French public transport is much cheaper than in the UK. In the UK a travel loan for annual season tickets is considered an advantage, less expensive than monthly tickets. In France 50% of your public transport costs (carte Navigo in Paris) are reimbursed by your employer. It is a legal obligation! If you live in zone 5 (Ile-de-France) you will pay 827,20€ per year (2019) of which 50% is reimbursed (@4/2019 413,60€ is the equivalent to £357,75 per year). The same from Croydon (zone 5) to the centre of London will cost you £2,400 (2775,22€ @ 04/19 a whopping difference of 2361,62€!).
- If you have a CDD (a fixed-term contract) at the end of your contract you will have a legally binding bonus of 10% calculated on the totality of your earnings. If you are offered a permanent contract that you accept at the end of the contract, you will lose your right to the bonus. CDDs cannot be in excess of 18 months and use of them has to be justified by the employer. Typical reasons are to cover maternity leave or a temporary increase in the workload.
- Without a permanent contract (CDI), finding accommodation in Paris can be a headache! Happily, there are sites like AirBnB which can help you find temporary accommodation whilst you stabilize your professional situation. In Paris, guarantees are very often required for rented accommodation (normally from third parties). The idea being that if you do not pay your rent, your third party will pay it for you.
- Since January 2019 the minimum wage in France is 10.03€ per hour or 1,521€ per month. In the UK the minimum wage for someone aged 25 years or over (April 2019) is £8.21 per hour.
- Training – Each salaried person in France has a compte personnel de formation (“CPF”). Whilst you work you acquire rights to training. Your training rights move with you when you change jobs.
- Unemployment – As a recruiter, I can say that most bilingual people are highly employable and there will be little chance that you will be unemployed! However, if for whatever reason you find yourself between two jobs, benefits are very generous in France. The amount you will receive depends on your situation but it’s “about” 70% of your last salary for a maximum of 2 years. This link explains it better than we can in this short article.
- There are 30 days holiday in France. For nearly all workers in the UK 28 days statutory leave per year (although employers can include bank holidays in this figure).
- In France the 35-hour week means that if you work more hours per week you get extra days off to recuperate (réduction du temps de travail commonly known as“RTT”). It depends on what has been negotiated for your sector of activity and this information is in the convention collective (collective bargaining agreement for your sector), but in general you can add 10 or so days to your holidays.
- There are 11 bank holidays in France per year (dates vary according to the region). If they fall on a weekend, you will not recuperate them. Very often if they fall on a Thursday, employees will faire le pont (which means “make a bridge”) so they have a long weekend. There are 9 bank holidays in UK (dates vary according to whether you are in Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland). The common bank holiday dates between France and the UK are the 1st January, Easter Monday, 1st May and the 25 December. There is no such thing as Boxing Day in France.
- During holiday periods don’t expect lots of professional activity between the 14 July and beginning September (when children return to school=la rentrée). Generally holidays are taken either in July or August and children’s summer break is 2 months (July and August). Many companies close between the 1st and the 15th August. There is also less activity during the Christmas and Easter periods.
- Whilst more and more Parisians eat a sandwich at their desk, lunch hour still has its importance. You have perhaps been lucky enough in the UK to work for a company with a canteen or offering luncheon vouchers! In France, most companies offer luncheon vouchers and generally 50-60% of their face value is paid for by the company, you pay the rest. They can have a value up to 19€. This encourages the wonderful French tradition of lunch in bistros and restaurants close to offices. Lots of employees in London have a drink after work with their colleagues. In Paris, this is much rarer. If you are very social, you may find this aspect of office life difficult, but think of all those mouth-watering lunches!
- Since January 2018 employers are obliged to offer health insurance (mutuelle) to their personnel. When you leave a company if you want to keep the same mutuelle you can take it with you in most cases (portabilité mutuelle)
- Since January 2017 French employees have the right to disconnect droit à la déconnexion (the right to not consult their mobile phones and emails during evenings/weekends…).
- In France, there are two types of workers (in fact there are 4 types but we will speak of the situation of the majority), employers et cadres. Cadre status is normally reserved for managers upwards. Below, there are some general differences:
– Trial period: 2 months renewable once
– Notice period: Often one month (it often increases to 2 months after 2 years service). See the convention collective.
– Unemployment: You will sign up with Pôle Emploi.
– Retirement: You and your employers pay into a general retirement fund.
– Hours: Your hours are normally fixed and overtime is paid.
– Trial period: 4 months renewable once
– Notice period: Generally 3 months
– Unemployment: You will sign up with APEC.
– Retirement: You and your employers pay more for your retirement than employees.
– Hours: Cadres are generally present until the job is done!
- Finally, something that I had personally not envisaged was an Azerty keyboard, but you get used to it!
French employment law is complex and constantly evolving! We cannot squeeze details into this short article! Learn more about your rights in France and in the UK by clicking on the links in the above article.
|Lynda Petit is a highly experienced recruitment consultant based in Paris since 2003. MA in Human Resource Management and qualified from the Chartered Institute of Personnel & Development, London. Recent training has included Technology Training Core, Geekology. Her work experience has been acquired within international companies in London and Paris.“Expertise with a smile, modern recruitment with a human touch, quality over quantity, working together for success!”|